In order to apply for the Winter School on Federalism and Governance, candidates have to submit a completed application form (PDF format, available below) via email to


In the application form you will be asked to submit:

  • personal data
  • relevant academic and professional education
  • work experience (if applicable)
  • a statement of motivation (max. 250 words)
  • a short academic essay (max. 500 words) on one of the two questions related to the workshop topics.

Details regarding the essay are explained below. Please note that without the essay the application cannot be considered!

Applications for the 2020 edition of the Winter School are closed.

Information regarding the 2021 edition will become available in August 2020


Detailed information regarding the academic essay for the application

As part of the application we will ask you to write a short essay of max. 500 words. For half a day during the Winter School, workshops will be held on four topics that are selected by the scientific committee. Among others, past editions have dealt with: Social Welfare and Integration, Fiscal Relations, Local Government, Environment, Education, Political Parties, Asymmetries

The workshop topics of the Winter School 2020 are:

A) Education Governance
B) Participation in Multilingual Environments
C) Multilingualism and Legal Language
D) Migration and Integration

Please answer ONE of the following questions in the academic essay for the application:

Workshop A – Education Governance

  1. Discuss the distribution of competences in the areas of compulsory, higher and vocational education in your country. What kind of competence is exercised at which governmental levels?  How and to what extent does the division of educational functions between levels of government – paired with mechanisms of intergovernmental relations – ease or increase tensions in educational governance and in the accommodation of diversity?
  2. Discuss organizational issues in educational governance in your country. Which are the most significant institutions in the area of education? To whom are they accountable, how are they financed and what role do they play in intergovernmental relations? To what extent and how do they ease or increase tensions in educational governance, and more broadly in inter-group relations?

Workshop B – Participation in Multilingual Environments

  1. How would you define participatory and deliberative democracy based on your knowledge and experience? What do you understand by the term “democratic innovations”? And what role does language (or a multingual environment) play in deliberative processes? Please, provide examples you are familiar with.
  1. To what extent does participatory democracy affect decision-making processes (constitutional, legislative and administrative) in multilevel systems? Please answer this question with reference to on one or more countries of your choice.

Workshop C – Multilingualism and Legal Language

  1. How can federal systems or autonomous regions with language minorities manage linguistic diversity? Answer this question by focusing on one or two case studies with which you are familiar.
  2. What are the advantages and shortcomings of multilingualism in government, administration, and the judiciary? What are the legal and linguistic prerequisites for using a minority language in public administration? What are the challenges of developing legal terminology in a minority language? Please focus on a case study with which you are familiar and, if possible, provide examples.

Workshop D – Migration and Integration

  1. How do the national, regional and local governments in your county or any country of your choice interact with regarding to language policies vis-à-vis migrants, and what is the role, positive and/or negative, that these policies play in relation to social integration?
  1. What services are offered to migrants in terms of adult language courses (often compulsory), language learning in schools and, possibly, other measures of linguistic facilitation in the public realm (e.g. public administration, hospitals)? Discuss positive and/or negative practices from different government levels in your county or any country of your choice.

Applications which are successfully submitted and valid will receive a confirmation via e-mail within 5 working days after submission.

Applicants will be notified by 29 November 2019. The enrollment procedure (including payment of the tuition fee) has to be completed within 7 working days after notification of the invitation to participate.

Any further questions may be directed to the organizers at or +39-0471-055239.